This book has won no awards Appropriate grade level s are 3rd-4th This books tells a story about the underground railroad. The story is told by a 10 year old boy fighting for freedom and equality.
The fruit is well-known for its sweet taste; this plant family Gourd family has other members that contain remarkable sweet components, including additional species of the genus Siraitia e.
The latter herb, which has both sweet and bitter tasting triterpene glycosides in its leaves, is now sold worldwide as a tea and made into an extract for use in numerous health-care products 3. Luohanguo has been used as a medicinal herb for treating cough and The drinking gourd throat 4 and is popularly considered, in southern China, to be a longevity aid 5.
These are the same uses as listed for jiaogulan. Luohanguo has more recently been developed into a non-caloric sweetener to compete with other herbal sweeteners such stevioside from the unrelated Stevia leaf.
Luohanguo is primarily grown in southern China, mainly in Guangxi Province, with most of the product from the mountains of Guilin. The steep mountains provide shade and they are frequently surrounded by mists that further protect against excessive sun, yet the temperature in this southern province is warm.
The wild plant is rare, thus luohanguo has been cultivated in the region for many years. There are descriptions of its cultivation in the area dating back to 5. Guilin now has a 4,acre luohanguo growing area that produces 10, pieces of fruit annually 7.
Most of these fields are in Yongfu and Lingui Counties, which are recognized in China as sites having an unusually high number of residents living to an age years or more 8, 9The drinking gourd some attribute to the consumption of luohanguo, as well as the pristine environment.
However, the local residents mainly proclaim the benefits of tranquil lifestyle, simple diet, and regular exercise.
A carefully prepared visual presentation of luohanguo cultivation and its environs is offered by the Dragon River Company, a New York based international company that set-up manufacturing in the town of Dragon River. Luohanguo is collected as a round green fruit that turns brown upon drying.
The mogrosides have been numbered,and the main component is called mogroside-5, previously known as esgoside see chemical structure diagram below.
Other, similar compounds from luohanguo have been labeled siamenoside and neomogroside. A process for making a useful sweetener from luohanguo was patented in by Procter and Gamble Company 2. The fruit is seldom used fresh anyway, due to the problems of storing it; further, the raw fruit has unattractive flavors and a tendency to easily form off-flavors by fermentation; also, its pectin eventually gels.
Hosta Abiqua Drinking Gourd - Common name:Funkia, Plantain Lily - Heavily textured, huge blue-green leaves cup and twist into a unique display. After a rain, Drinking Gourd absolutely sparkles with small pools of water collected in the deeply cupped foliage. Follow the Drinking Gourd: A Story of the Underground Railroad (Rabbit Ears American Heroes & Legends) [Bernardine Connelly, Yvonne Buchanan] on heartoftexashop.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Based on the traditional American folksong, this compelling tale recounts the daring adventures of one family’s escape from slavery via the Underground Railroad. A calabash, bottle gourd, or white-flowered gourd, Lagenaria siceraria, also known by many other names, including long melon, New Guinea bean and Tasmania bean, is a vine grown for its fruit, which can be either harvested young to be consumed as a vegetable, or harvested mature to be dried and used as a heartoftexashop.com it is fresh, the fruit has a light green smooth skin and white flesh.
So, it is common to dry the fruits for any further use, and this is how they appear in Chinese herb shops. The fruits are slowly dried in ovens; the drying process preserves the fruit and removes most of the objectionable flavor of the fresh fruit, which is associated with volatile components.
Unfortunately, the drying also causes the formation of bitter, astringent flavors.
|About Drinking Gourd E-Guide||Caribbean[ edit ] A calabash is primarily used to make utensils such as cups, bowls, and basins in rural areas. It can be used for carrying water, or for transporting fish, when fishing.|
|HERB BLURB||Contact Us North Star to Freedom The night sky played a role in helping escaping slaves find their way north to freedom. Library of Congress The National Park Service shares the stories of former slave and abolitionist Harriet Tubmanthe Underground Railroad, and the many brave Americans in the s whose courageous actions led slaves to freedom and helped end the slavery era.|
|"Follow the Drinking Gourd": A Cultural History||Terminology[ edit ] Cucurbita pepo gourds grown in a suburban garden Gourd is occasionally used to describe crop plants in the family Cucurbitaceae, like pumpkinscucumberssquashluffaand melons.|
|The Benefit of Drinking Bitter Gourd Tea | Healthy Eating | SF Gate||Bitter gourd is really, well, bitter, making it almost inedible, especially if you're new to it. However, it is really good for you, and like other acquired tastes, once you get used to the bitterness you almost start to crave it.|
These flavors limit the use of the dried fruits and dried fruit extracts to the preparation of dilute teas and soups and products to which sugar, honey, and the like are added. The peel and seeds are then removed, and the mashed fruit becomes the basis of a concentrated fruit juice or puree that can be used in food manufacturing.
Further processing involves using solvents to remove volatile and off-flavor components. Numerous sugar substitutes derived from luohanguo by similar processes that isolate the sweet compounds are now readily available for manufacturing and for kitchen use. The fruit guo, a term used mainly for gourd-like fruits is named after the luohan, which are advanced Buddhist practitioners see classic painting of some luohan, left; in India, they are called arhats The story told in China is that knowledge of this fruit first emerged from monks who were using it during the 13th Century.
Due to its limited natural growing area mainly mountain sides in Guangxi and Guangdong; to a much lesser extent, in Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Hainan Islandand difficulty in cultivating it successfully, this fruit did not enter the general herb tradition of China, which depended on more abundant products.
So, it is not mentioned in the traditional herb guides The herb became more prominent during the 20th century. One early English-language report on it is an unpublished manuscript written in by Professor G.
Groff and Hoh Hin Cheung The fruits were reported to be frequently used as the main ingredient in cooling drinks that is, drinks consumed to counteract hot weather, fever, or disorders described in the tradition as warm or hot in nature. The juice of fresh fruits was known to be very sweet. Groff and Hoh noted that the "luohan fruit of commerce, when cooked with pork or steeped with tea, provides a common Chinese household remedy for colds and congestion of the lungs.
Still, it appears that the development of distinct cultivars, and extensive knowledge of its growth, pollination, and climatic requirements implies a fairly long history of cultivation activity by at least a limited group of people.
The herb had been brought to the U. Groff mentions that during a visit to the U. Seeds from luohan fruits purchased in a San Francisco Chinese store were included in the original botanical description of the species in The beginning of research into the sweet component of luohanguo is attributed to C.
Lee, who published an English report in 12and to Tsunematsu Takemoto working in Japan in the early s he later turned his attention to studying jiaogulan 3. Development of luohanguo products in China has grown steadily since that time, particularly with the more recent development of highly concentrated extracts for use as sweeteners.
Probably the best depiction of luohanguo medicinal use in southern China during the 20th century is that given by Dai and Liu in their book Fruit as Medicine 4originally published in Chinese inthen published in English in Here is their description:The Drinking Gourd, by F.N. Monjo, tells the story of Tommy Fuller.
Tommy gets into trouble at church, so his father sends him home. While playing in the barn, Tommy finds a slave family hiding there. They are on the run to Canada, with the help of Tommy's father.
I 4/5. Follow the Drinking Gourd: A Story of the Underground Railroad (Rabbit Ears American Heroes & Legends) [Bernardine Connelly, Yvonne Buchanan] on heartoftexashop.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Based on the traditional American folksong, this compelling tale recounts the daring adventures of one family’s escape from slavery via the Underground Railroad. Parks believed the Drinking Gourd lyrics came first, and the Risen Lord lyrics followed. Lee Hays believed that Risen Lord was a revivalist hymn and that it came first, followed in turn by the Drinking Gourd song.
gourd - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. Luo Han Guo (luohanguo) refers to the fruit of Siraitia grosvenori, formerly called Momordica grosvenori, a member of the Curcubitaceae.
The fruit is well-known for its sweet taste; this plant family (Gourd family) has other members that contain remarkable sweet components, including additional species of the genus Siraitia and the popular herb jiaogulan (Gynostemma pentaphyllum).
Hosta are among the most popular of perennials for shady areas, with hundreds of varieties now readily available. Plants form a sturdy mound of foliage, topped with lily-like blooms.