Related studies foreign essay

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Related studies foreign essay

January 8,4: Army Best Defense guest columnist The Profession of Arms is decaying weakening or fraying — as opposed to a relative declineand the primary causes are neglect, anti-intellectual bias, and a creeping, cancerous bureaucracy. In some way, every political entity must use force or at least threaten to use force for it to survive in the international system.

The members of the Profession of Arms are the custodians of the specific military knowledge that enables national survival. I was accepted to the assignment inand attended graduate school from until the summer of While in graduate school, I read everything I could to prepare myself for teaching the course.

Military Profession in Decline? Iraq has become the metaphor for an absence of strategy…. In effect, in the most important area of professional expertise — the connecting of war to policy, of operations to achieving the objectives of the nation — the American military has been found wanting.

The excellence of the American military in operations, logistics, tactics, weaponry, and battle has been manifest for a generation or more. Not so with strategy. To summarize the difference, professional cultures debate, discuss, and continually innovate to stay effective in the changing world.

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Bureaucracies churn out ever-restrictive rules and seek to capture every eventuality in codified routines. I arrived in the summer of and now have three academic semesters — a year and a half — of experiences to draw upon.

Kohn and Lujan were correct. A few quick stories: A fellow army major and member of my academic program had a lieutenant colonel chastise him multiple times for his athletic sock preference.

On the same subject, cadets are required to wear fluorescent belts at all times while wearing physical fitness uniforms — even in broad daylight. Lloyd Matthews, former editor of the U. He recalls General Alfred Gray, then commandant of the Marine Corps, complaining that there were "too many intellectuals" at the top of the military, that what we ought to have are some "old fashioned gunslingers.

Why is this happening? Anyone with the remotest shred of curiosity would ask: How can officers rightly call themselves members of the Profession of Arms and not know or care about studying the use of force? How many members of the military regularly watch two- to three-hour-long war movies, but then completely fail to commit to any serious discussion on the use of force in the real world?

One cannot be obedient, cannot support the flag, if one is critical.

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The military is principally concerned with disciplining violence for political ends, and such an organization only functions if there is glue strong enough to hold various pieces together. Some might suggest that a bureaucracy can do the same trick — but this essay finds that bureaucratic glue cannot withstand the fires of war in the international system.

Why is the decay of the Profession of Arms bad for society? Bureaucracies are easy to control because they remove individual judgment. As such they cannot produce new knowledge. Professions are at times challenging, but continuously seek and develop new knowledge for the uncharted problems of the future.

The last reason is that we will lose on the battlefield. Matthews is instructive on this point, and finds that "The army that rejects seminal thinkers, thereby depriving itself of innovative ideas and the instruments for continuous intellectual self-renewal, will ultimately be a defeated army, vanquished in the wake of foes who adapt more wisely and quickly to the ever-evolving art and science of war.

War Council as an approach All the sources cited in this essay counseled corrective measures. Kohn suggested "continuing education to be pursued by officers on their own. That means having what it takes to convey his ideas and the fruits of his reflections in the appropriate forums.

As such, he is worth quoting at length: At West Point, new ideas should be developed, the future of the military debated, and the military profession continually reshaped to remain effective. The Academy should be connected by a thousand links to the operational Army in the field; it should serve as a bridge between theory and practice.

West Point should become the hub of these discussions, bringing together disparate groups of enthusiasts. He is also the editor at WarCouncil. It is an unofficial expression of opinion; views expressed are those of the author and not necessarily those of the U.

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Ricks covered the U.Academics. From lectures and lab research to our student-to-faculty ratio to class sizes averaging 17 students, Hendrix cultivates the skills, habits of mind, and qualities of individual character that the globally connected, innovation-driven 21st century economy requires that America and the world will need even more acutely in the years and decades ahead.

Foreign and Local Literature EVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES AND LITERATURE By conducting a research of some related studies and literature, it enables the researchers to understand the conducted study.

The survey and investigation of the past studies is essential to the researchers to for it to give ideas and also as guide. Related studies include various researches, thesis, or studies related to the present investigation.

Related studies foreign essay

Foreign Literature Bernhardt (32) believes that is important to recognize that second language reading is a new and different literacy.

Scholarship Descriptions The McGaughey Family Scholarship: The McGaughey Family Scholarship seeks to identify and recognize outstanding recipients pursuing scholastic study in fields related to Alliance Building, Counterintelligence, Cultural Understanding, and National Security studies.

Review Of Related Literature Essay Sample. On the later part of the chapter are the gathered related studies and articles done by various researchers.

Foreign Literature.

Related studies foreign essay

Jessica White () said that, technology has completely changed the scope of education in America. Most states require a technology aspect to their school improvements. It is related to the study because it tells about Google Adword which will be of much help to advertisers and the business itself.

It also shows that it is easy for advertisers to make an ad campaign of the business because they have the complete control and also help the business to be popular.

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