If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. If you are unsure about which system to use, read on.
Kurland and Lernerchap. In the text, cite specific page numbers.
For articles consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database in the reference list entry. Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality. A Story about Reading.
In-text citations Keng, Lin, and Orazem9—10 LaSalle95 SatterfieldJournal articles often list many authors, especially in the sciences. If there are four or more authors, list up to ten in the reference list; in the text, list only the first, followed by et al. For more than ten authors not shown herelist the first seven in the reference list, followed by et al.
Reference list entry Bay, Rachael A. Palumbi, and Peter Ralph. In-text citation Bay et al. News or magazine article Articles from newspapers or news sites, magazines, blogs, and the like are cited similarly. In the reference list, it can be helpful to repeat the year with sources that are cited also by month and day.
Page numbers, if any, can be cited in the text but are omitted from a reference list entry.
If you consulted the article online, include a URL or the name of the database. Reference list entries in alphabetical order Manjoo, Farhad.As already mentioned, one well-known feature of Chicago style essay format is the use of footnotes and endnotes.
This style of writing is favored for research paper topics in which the author needs to include extensive commentaries on portions of the text.
The Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian citation style includes two systems for citations: a notes and bibliography system and the author-date system. The notes and bibliography system is most commonly used in history courses.
This system uses footnotes/endnotes and a bibliography. Specific guidelines for formatting a paper in Chicago Style are outlined in manuals such as the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in September , and the 7th edition of A Pocket Guide to Writing in History by Mary Lynn Rampolla.
This free online tool provides all users with the opportunity to automatically generate citations. It can serve as the apa, mla, ama citation generator, as well as the Chicago, Harvard citation generator.
Please note that this OWL resource provides basic information regarding the formatting of entries used in the bibliography. For more information about Selected Bibliographies, Annotated Bibliographies, and Bibliographic Essays, please consult Chapter of The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.).
How to Cite Online E-books in Chicago Style When citing e-books, include the URL or the DOI. The URL or DOI should be the last part of the citation. In the footnotes and endnotes: 4. First name Last name, Title of e-book (Place of Publication: Publisher, Year), doi: or url.