C N Trueman "Cardinal Richelieu" historylearningsite. The History Learning Site, 17 Mar Cardinal Richelieu was born in and died in
Early life[ edit ] Born in Paris, Armand du Plessis was the fourth of Biography of richelieu children and the last of three sons: His family was somewhat prominent, belonging to the lesser nobility of Poitou: At the age of nine, young Richelieu was sent to the College of Navarre in Paris to study philosophy.
He had strong academic interests and threw himself into studying for his new post. This secured, Richelieu was consecrated bishop in April Soon after he returned to his diocese inRichelieu was heralded as a reformer.
Later, Richelieu often used him as an agent during diplomatic negotiations. Inthe clergymen of Poitou asked Richelieu to be one of their representatives to the States-General. He was the most prominent clergyman to support the adoption of the decrees of the Council of Trent throughout France;  the Third Estate commoners was his chief opponent in this endeavour.
At the end of the assembly, the First Estate the clergy chose him to deliver the address Biography of richelieu its petitions and decisions.
The Queen had become Regent of France when the nine-year-old Louis ascended the throne; although her son reached the legal age of majority inshe remained the effective ruler of the realm.
As a result, both Marie and Concini became the targets of intrigues at court; their most powerful enemy was Charles de Luynes. The King and the duc de Luynes recalled Richelieu, believing that he would be able to reason with the Queen.
Richelieu was successful in this endeavour, mediating between her and her son. The Queen-Mother was also restored to the royal council. After the death of the King's favourite, the duc de Luynes, inRichelieu began to rise to power quickly.
After he was appointed to the royal council of ministers on 29 April he intrigued against the chief minister, Charles, duc de La Vieuville. Cardinal Richelieu's policy involved two primary goals: To counter Spanish designs on the territory, Richelieu supported the Protestant Swiss canton of Grisonswhich also claimed the strategically important valley.
The Cardinal deployed troops to Valtellina, from which the Pope's garrisons were driven out. To further consolidate power in France, Richelieu sought to suppress the influence of the feudal nobility. Inhe abolished the position of Constable of France and ordered all fortified castles razed, excepting only those needed to defend against invaders.
As a result, Richelieu was hated by most of the nobility. Another obstacle to the centralization of power was religious division in France.
The Huguenotsone of the largest political and religious factions in the country, controlled a significant military force, and were in rebellion. InRichelieu ordered the army to besiege the Huguenot stronghold of La Rochelle ; the Cardinal personally commanded the besieging troops.
The city, however, remained firm for over a year before capitulating in Although the Huguenots suffered a major defeat at La Rochelle, they continued to fight, led by Henri, duc de Rohan. Protestant forces, however, were defeated in ; Rohan submitted to the terms of the Peace of Alais.
Richelieu, however, survived the scheme, and Marie was exiled as a result. Habsburg Spain exploited the French conflict with the Huguenots to extend its influence in northern Italy.
It funded the Huguenot rebels in order to keep the French army occupied, meanwhile expanding its Italian dominions.
Richelieu, however, responded aggressively; after La Rochelle capitulated, he personally led the French army to northern Italy to restrain Spain. On 26 Novemberhe was created duc de Richelieu and a Peer of France. Marie believed that the Cardinal had robbed her of her political influence; thus, she demanded that her son dismiss the chief minister.
Richelieu, however, was aware of the plan, and quickly convinced the King to repent. Thereafter, the King was unwavering in his political support for him. The nobility also remained powerless. The only important rising was that of Henri, duc de Montmorency in ; Richelieu, ruthless in suppressing opposition, ordered the duke's execution.
Richelieu's harsh measures were designed to intimidate his enemies. He also ensured his political security by establishing a large network of spies in France as well as in other European countries.Cardinal Richelieu was born in and died in Richelieu dominated the history of France from to his death as Louis XIII’s chief minister, succeeding Luynes who died in Richelieu is considered to be one of the greatest politicians in French history..
Richelieu was the third son of the Lord of Richelieu. Pierre Séguier: Pierre Séguier, chancellor of France under kings Louis XIII and Louis XIV, in the critical period during which monarchical power was consolidated. Séguier was born into a family that had held many legal posts, and he followed the same career.
In he purchased the office of counselor in the. The Charlevoix region has long been known for its rich products and fine gastronomy. Fairmont Le Manoir Richelieu's restaurants provide visitors with unique dining experiences in several mouthwatering forms.
Chief Minister to King Louis XIII, Cardinal Richelieu was the architect of a new France in the seventeenth century and the force behind the nation's rise as a European power.
This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Richelieu. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Richelieu was a French battleship and the lead ship of her class. She was a scaled-up version of the previous Dunkerque class.
Ordered in , and designed to counter the Italian Littorio-class battleships, Richelieu was the first French 35,ton battleship.